Malnutrition

Malnutrition

Posted on Posted in 1. Poor societies

10.1% of the population suffers from malnutrition. 747 million people. That’s more than the total number of inhabitants of North America.

In some countries, the proportion of undernourished people is almost half the population.

2/3 of undernourished population lives in poor countries, where gross domestic product is less than $ 3,600.

If GDP per capita is less than $ 1,400, the proportion of undernourished people is very strongly dependent on GDP. In countries with a GDP per capita of such value, the average proportion of undernourished is 15%, while in countries with a GDP per capita of 300 $ – already 1/3 of the population.

malnutrition and GDP per capita

In a critical situation, with GDP per capita of less than $ 1,400, there are 39 countries, inhabited by 750 million people: South Sudan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Malawi, Madagascar, Niger, The Gambia, Liberia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Guinea-Bissau, Afghanistan, Guinea, Mozambique, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso, North Korea, Ethiopia, Comoros, Rwanda, Eritrea, Sierra Leone, Nepal, Haiti, Benin, Mali, Senegal, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Chad, Lesotho, Kyrgyzstan, Cambodia, Cameroon, Yemen, Mauritania, Kiribati.

There are 10.1% of the population of the Earth.

At the rate of undernourished people are also affected by factors other than GDP per capita.

Consequently, in some countries, malnutrition rates are up to 29% higher than the rate resulting from the economic condition. Additional factors in 2015 had a negative impact especially in the following countries: Haiti, Zambia, Namibia, North Korea, East Timor, Swaziland, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Ukraine, Central African Republic, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Chad, Iraq.

On the other hand, many countries deal with malnutrition better than others at the same level of economic development. These include notably the following countries: The Gambia, Niger, Mali, Togo, Nepal, Benin, Kyrgyzstan, Ghana, Kiribati.

Malnutrition predicted for 2017

CountryThe percentage of undernourished peopleThe proportion of undernourished people is too large (compared to the country's GDP) by:The number of undernourished people [million]
South Sudan33.6%0%4.074
Burundi29.8%0%3.661
Central African Republic39.8%12%2.236
Malawi17.2%-10%3.217
Madagascar30.5%4%7.95
Niger8.9%-17%1.828
The Gambia4.7%-21%0.096
Liberia27.9%4%1.228
Democratic Republic of the Congo26.4%3%22.003
Somalia23.1%0%2.548
Guinea-Bissau20.0%-3%0.358
Afghanistan25.8%3%8.795
Guinea13.8%-9%1.712
Mozambique21.1%-1%5.594
Togo9.7%-13%0.77
Uganda24.8%0%10.639
Burkina Faso18.7%-3%3.769
North Korea38.9%18%9.834
Ethiopia28.2%8%30.931
Comoros20.2%0%0.016
Rwanda28.3%8%3.772
Eritrea19.9%0%1.354
Sierra Leone17.1%-3%1.054
Nepal7.0%-13%2.281
Haiti48.9%29%5.056
Benin7.1%-12%0.789
Mali4.6%-15%0.754
Senegal9.0%-9%1.32
Tajikistan29.5%11%2.495
Tanzania28.8%11%13.758
Zimbabwe31.6%13%4.703
Chad27.8%11%3.362
Lesotho9.8%-7%0.193
Kyrgyzstan5.2%-11%0.317
Cambodia12.2%-4%1.974
Cameroon9.1%-7%2.013
Yemen24.3%7%6.776
Mauritania5.5%-10%0.207
Kiribati5.1%-11%0.005
Zambia43.1%29%7.144
Bangladesh13.6%-2%23.788
Cote d'Ivoire11.2%-4%2.715
Ghana4.4%-11%1.199
Pakistan20.4%6%41.809
Myanmar11.1%-4%6.361
Kenya17.7%3%8.446
Sao Tome and Principe6.2%-8%0.012
India12.9%-1%165.238
Syria13.4%0%3.16
East Timor30.2%17%0.398
Laos16.8%4%1.197
Djibouti13.8%1%0.119
Moldova13.1%0%0.454
Papua New Guinea12.9%0%0.894
Nicaragua15.5%3%0.932
Solomon Islands9.8%-3%0.064
Sudan12.7%0%6.662
Vietnam9.6%-2%9.241
Ukraine12.3%13%5.322
Honduras11.8%0%1.067
Uzbekistan4.1%-7%1.221
Nigeria6.9%-5%13.305
Republic of Congo11.4%0%0.574
Palestine, State of10.9%0%0.505
Vanuatu5.5%-6%0.013
Tuvalu10.8%0%0.001
Swaziland26.6%16%0.391
Federated States of Micronesia10.8%0%0.011
Bolivia14.4%4%1.606
Philippines11.9%1%13.538
Cape Verde8.0%-2%0.045
Bhutan10.4%0%0.079
Morocco4.4%-6%1.51
Marshall Islands10.4%0%0.008
Armenia6.1%-4%0.182
Indonesia7.1%-3%18.53
Kosovo9.9%0%0.187
Tunisia4.8%-5%0.544
Egypt4.6%-5%4.249
Guatemala14.9%5%2.309
Paraguay9.5%0%0.658
Mongolia19.4%10%0.662
Tonga9.4%0%0.01
El Salvador11.1%2%0.684
Georgia6.0%-3%0.269
Samoa4.8%-4%0.01
Sri Lanka18.8%10%4.219
Algeria4.7%-4%1.76
Guyana9.9%1%0.073
Bosnia and Herzegovina9.1%0%0.42
Albania9.0%0%0.275
Angola12.1%3%2.501
Iran4.8%-4%4
Belize5.7%-3%0.02
Jamaica7.6%-1%0.228
Macedonia8.4%0%0.177
Serbia8.2%0%0.583
Fiji4.6%-4%0.043
Iraq18.6%11%6.466
South Africa4.8%-3%2.31
Jordan4.5%-3%0.313
Azerbaijan4.6%-3%0.462
Belarus7.8%0%0.733
Thailand6.3%-2%4.3
Botswana22.3%15%0.499
Namibia36.6%29%0.818
Peru7.2%0%2.25
Ecuador9.8%2%1.604
Colombia7.8%0%3.741
Montenegro7.4%0%0.005
Dominican Republic11.3%4%1.21
Bulgaria7.3%0%0.495
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines5.5%-2%0.006
Dominica7.3%0%0.005
Cuba4.6%-2%0.53
Venezuela4.8%-2%1.445
Turkmenistan3.9%-3%0.21
Saint Lucia6.8%0%0.011
Gabon4.4%-2%0.078
China7.9%1%108.75
Brazil4.8%-2%10.316
Grenada6.4%0%0.007
Mexico4.6%-2%5.539
Maldives4.5%-2%0.018
Libya6.3%0%0.466
Romania6.3%0%1.356
Turkey4.6%-2%3.849
Mauritius4.4%-2%0.06
Suriname7.1%1%0.042
Kazakhstan4.5%-2%0.827
Malaysia4.2%-2%1.332
Russia5.9%0%7.987
Costa Rica4.6%-1%0.226
Lebanon4.6%-1%0.195
Croatia5.8%0%0.258
Equatorial Guinea5.7%0%0.045
Hungary5.5%0%0.546
Argentina4.9%-1%2.181
Poland5.5%0%2.087
Chile4.7%-1%0.823
Panama8.8%3%0.33
Antigua and Barbuda5.2%0%0.005
Latvia5.2%0%0.111
Lithuania5.1%0%0.177
Seychelles5.1%0%0
Oman4.6%0%0.157
Barbados4.7%0%0.014
Saint Kitts and Nevis5.0%0%0.003
Palau5.0%0%0.001
Uruguay4.6%0%0.153
Slovakia4.9%0%0.271
Czech Republic4.8%0%0.487
Nauru4.7%0%0
Estonia4.7%0%0.058
Netherlands Antilles4.6%0%0.007
Trinidad and Tobago6.3%2%0.077
Greece4.6%0%0.499
Portugal4.6%0%0.499
Slovenia4.4%0%0.087
The Bahamas4.3%0%0.014
Saudi Arabia4.4%0%1.269
Cyprus4.3%0%0.053
Malta4.2%0%0.017
Bahrain4.2%0%0.059
Taiwan4.1%0%0.963
Spain4.0%0%1.966
South Korea4.5%1%2.209
Puerto Rico3.8%0%0.154
Italy3.8%0%2.355
Brunei4.3%1%0.019
Kuwait4.4%1%0.126
Japan3.6%0%4.556
Israel3.6%0%0.293
United Arab Emirates4.6%0%0.281
France3.4%0%2.27
New Zealand3.4%0%0.153
Belgium3.3%0%0.346
Germany3.3%0%2.622
Finland3.2%0%0.17
Netherlands3.2%0%0.542
Austria3.2%0%0.26
Canada3.2%0%1.124
United Kingdom3.1%2%2.024
Hong Kong3.1%0%0.227
Andorra3.1%0%0.003
Australia3.0%0%0.694
San Marino3.0%0%0.001
Iceland3.0%0%0.01
Sweden2.9%0%0.267
Ireland2.9%0%0.146
Denmark2.9%0%0.162
Singapore2.9%0%0.168
United States of America2.8%0%9.198
Norway2.5%0%0.12
Qatar2.5%0%0.058
Switzerland2.4%0%0.188
Monaco2.2%0%0.001
Luxembourg2.2%0%0.012
Liechtenstein1.7%0%0.001

When in the state there is little money for a statistical citizen

In those countries where the gross domestic product per capita is less than $ 3,600, the proportion of undernourished people is generally higher than average proportion of undernourished people in the world. You can consider them as poor countries because of this, they can not afford to feed its citizens, with a greater percentage than the world average (more than 10.1% of the population).

GDP per capita amounting to $ 3,600 is three times smaller than the average GDP per capita in the world and 17 times smaller than in the US.

Currently, in 75 countries is lower GDP per capita than $ 3,600, there live 44% of the Earth’s population.

GDP per capita and malnutrition 

Gross domestic product per capita (forecast for 2017)

CountryGDP per capita [k$]Population [million]
Liechtenstein170.70.038
Luxembourg107.30.538
Monaco98.70.031
Switzerland82.47.722
Qatar78.02.314
Norway77.64.786
United States of America60.3328.131
Singapore57.95.889
Denmark56.25.606
Ireland55.75.011
Sweden55.69.189
Iceland54.00.323
San Marino52.80.034
Australia52.623.232
Andorra48.90.086
Hong Kong47.97.280
United Kingdom47.664.769
Canada46.635.624
Austria46.58.224
Netherlands46.117.085
Finland44.65.273
Germany43.680.594
Belgium42.010.460
New Zealand39.74.510
France39.766.822
United Arab Emirates39.06.072
Israel35.08.157
Japan34.9126.451
Kuwait33.52.875
Brunei32.60.444
Italy31.262.138
Puerto Rico30.64.037
South Korea30.349.237
Spain27.548.958
Taiwan25.723.254
Bahrain25.21.411
Malta25.00.416
Cyprus23.61.222
Saudi Arabia23.428.572
The Bahamas23.10.330
Slovenia22.11.972
Portugal20.410.840
Greece20.110.768
Trinidad and Tobago20.11.218
Netherlands Antilles20.00.150
Estonia19.61.231
Nauru19.40.010
Czech Republic18.410.089
Slovakia17.65.499
Uruguay17.33.360
Palau17.20.021
Saint Kitts and Nevis17.10.053
Barbados16.70.292
Oman16.73.424
Seychelles16.40.092
Lithuania16.23.473
Latvia15.42.123
Antigua and Barbuda15.30.095
Panama14.83.753
Chile14.317.693
Poland14.038.189
Argentina13.844.229
Hungary13.69.851
Equatorial Guinea12.70.778
Croatia12.34.452
Lebanon12.14.190
Costa Rica12.04.930
Russia11.7134.548
Malaysia11.331.382
Kazakhstan11.018.557
Suriname10.50.592
Mauritius10.41.356
Turkey10.384.273
Romania10.321.530
Libya10.27.388
Maldives10.10.393
Mexico9.8121.117
Grenada9.80.112
Brazil9.1216.572
China9.11372.088
Gabon8.81.772
Saint Lucia8.70.165
Turkmenistan8.45.351
Venezuela8.130.083
Cuba7.911.437
Dominica7.50.074
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines7.50.102
Bulgaria7.46.750
Dominican Republic7.210.734
Montenegro7.10.640
Colombia7.047.699
Ecuador6.816.291
Peru6.631.037
Namibia6.62.236
Botswana6.52.236
Thailand6.468.735
Belarus6.49.366
Azerbaijan6.29.961
Jordan6.16.877
South Africa6.048.390
Iraq6.034.752
Fiji5.80.921
Serbia5.87.111
Macedonia5.42.104
Jamaica5.22.991
Belize5.10.360
Iran5.183.768
Angola4.820.729
Albania4.73.048
Bosnia and Herzegovina4.64.611
Guyana4.60.741
Algeria4.637.444
Sri Lanka4.522.409
Samoa4.50.200
Georgia4.44.492
El Salvador4.46.172
Tonga4.30.106
Mongolia4.33.408
Paraguay4.26.944
Guatemala4.215.461
Egypt4.191.635
Tunisia4.011.229
Kosovo3.91.895
Indonesia3.8260.581
Armenia3.52.996
Marshall Islands3.50.075
Morocco3.533.987
Bhutan3.40.758
Cape Verde3.40.561
Philippines3.4113.510
Bolivia3.211.138
Federated States of Micronesia3.20.104
Swaziland3.21.467
Tuvalu3.20.011
Vanuatu3.10.242
Palestine, State of3.14.646
Republic of Congo2.85.025
Nigeria2.8192.909
Uzbekistan2.629.749
Honduras2.49.039
Ukraine2.443.437
Vietnam2.496.160
Sudan2.252.316
Solomon Islands2.20.648
Nicaragua2.16.026
Papua New Guinea2.16.910
Moldova2.13.474
Djibouti2.10.865
Laos2.07.127
East Timor2.01.319
Syria2.023.614
India1.91281.936
Sao Tome and Principe1.80.201
Kenya1.647.616
Myanmar1.657.458
Pakistan1.6204.925
Ghana1.527.470
Cote d'Ivoire1.524.185
Bangladesh1.5174.494
Zambia1.516.588
Kiribati1.40.108
Mauritania1.43.759
Yemen1.427.908
Cameroon1.422.223
Cambodia1.316.204
Kyrgyzstan1.36.077
Lesotho1.21.958
Chad1.212.076
Zimbabwe1.114.868
Tanzania1.047.723
Tajikistan1.08.469
Senegal1.014.669
Mali0.916.560
Benin0.911.039
Haiti0.910.346
Nepal0.932.659
Sierra Leone0.86.163
Eritrea0.86.821
Rwanda0.813.319
Comoros0.80.81
Ethiopia0.8109.777
North Korea0.825.248
Burkina Faso0.720.108
Uganda0.642.894
Togo0.67.965
Mozambique0.626.574
Guinea0.612.414
Afghanistan0.634.125
Guinea-Bissau0.61.792
Somalia0.611.031
Democratic Republic of the Congo0.683.301
Liberia0.54.405
The Gambia0.52.051
Niger0.520.450
Madagascar0.426.099
Malawi0.418.687
Central African Republic0.45.625
Burundi0.312.293
South Sudan0.312.138

More detailed comparison shows national income.

[Own study based on data published on the websites: geoba.se, worldometers.infostatisticstimes.comknoema.com, imf.orgdata.worldbank.org.]

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